3 Types Of Anxiety Disorders and Common Treatment Options

anxiety disorders

3 Types Of Anxiety Disorders and Common Treatment Options


Anxiety disorders are very common, affecting millions of people in the United States.

While there are many different types of anxiety disorders, they all share common symptoms. If you are struggling with anxiety, it is important to understand the different types and treatment options available.

This blog post will discuss three of the most common anxiety disorders and offer tips on how to get help.

1.) Panic Disorder

Panic disorder is a condition that causes unexpected and repeated periods of intense fear. These episodes, or “attacks,” can last for several minutes and usually peak within 10 minutes.

Panic disorder usually begins in adulthood (though it can occur in adolescents and children, too). Panic disorder is twice as common in women as it is in men. Panic disorder often runs in families, but the exact role that genes play is unclear.

During a panic attack, you may experience physical symptoms such as a rapid heart rate, sweating, shaking, shortness of breath, lightheadedness, or nausea. You may feel like you’re losing control of yourself or that you’re going crazy. The fear may be so severe that you think you’re about to die or are having a heart attack.

Panic attacks can occur at any time, and many people with panic disorder worry about and dread the possibility of having another attack. A panic disorder interferes with daily activities such as job performance, school work, and relationships.

Treatment for panic disorder can involve medication and cognitive-behavioral therapy to help manage the anxiety and changes in thinking. You can also take steps to reduce stress and cope with symptoms when they occur. With treatment, most people with panic disorder improve significantly and are able to effectively manage future panic attacks. 

2.) Generalized Anxiety Disorders

Generalized Anxiety Disorder, or GAD, is a mental illness that is characterized by excessive worry and fear. People with GAD often feel like they are in a constant state of stress, and they may find it difficult to relax or focus on anything else.

GAD can be difficult to diagnose because the symptoms can be similar to other conditions, such as depression or anxiety. However, there are some key differences to look for.

People with GAD typically worry about many different things, and their worry is often disproportionate to the actual situation. For example, someone with GAD may worry about their health even when they are feeling well. In addition, people with GAD often have trouble sleeping, and they may feel restless or irritable.

If you think you might have GAD, it’s important to talk to a doctor or mental health professional. There are treatments available that can help relieve the symptoms of GAD. These treatments can include medication, therapy, and lifestyle changes.

What Is The Difference Between Panic Attacks And Generalized Anxiety Disorder? 

Panic attacks and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) are both forms of anxiety. They share some symptoms, but there are key differences between the two.

Panic attacks are typically marked by a sudden onset of fear or anxiety, often in response to a trigger, such as a specific situation or object. People who experience panic attacks may also have physical symptoms, such as a racing heart, shortness of breath, or chest pain.

In contrast, GAD is characterized by persistent and excessive anxiety that is not triggered by a specific event. People with GAD often feel on edge and may have difficulty sleeping or concentrating.

While panic attacks can be debilitating, they are typically short-lived, lasting for minutes or hours. GAD can be a more chronic condition, lasting for weeks, months, or even years. 

3.) Phobias

Phobias are defined as “an extreme or irrational fear of or aversion to something”.

Phobias can be related to certain objects (claustrophobia – fear of small spaces), animals (arachnophobia – fear of spiders), situations (acrophobia – fear of heights), or activities (agoraphobia – fear of leaving a safe place).

Phobias usually develop in childhood or adolescence, but can also arise in adults.

They can significantly impact your quality of life, as they can cause immense anxiety and hinder your ability to perform everyday tasks. Recognizing the signs of phobias is important in order to seek proper treatment. Symptoms may include:

  • Sweating
  • Trembling
  • Heart palpitations
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea

What Is The Difference Between Anxiety And A Phobia?

Many people use the terms anxiety and phobia interchangeably, but there is actually a difference between the two.

Anxiety is a general term that refers to the feeling of worry, nervousness, or fear. Everyone experiences anxiety at some point in their lives, and it is a normal response to stressors.

A phobia, on the other hand, is a more intense form of anxiety that is triggered by a specific object or situation. People with phobias often go to great lengths to avoid the thing that causes them distress. 

Conclusion

When you have an anxiety disorder, it can feel like your whole world is falling apart.

You might not know what to do or where to turn for help because there are no guidelines on how best to handle this difficult situation- but don’t worry…

Professional counselors specialize in treating these issues and teach their clients ways of coping with fear without feeling overwhelmed while also developing methods that may can help you to better manage stressful events in your life. 

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