- Houston Food Deserts: How To Eat Healthy Despite Limited Food Options
- What Is A Food Desert?
- Where Are The Houston Food Deserts In Town?
- Who Typically Lives In A Food Desert?
- What Is The Health Impact Of Houston Food Deserts On Residents?
- 4 Ways To Get Fruits And Vegetables If You Live In A Houston Food Desert?
- What If The Lack Of Grocery Stores Isn’t The Reason For Poor Health In Some Communities?
- Nutrition Education Classes In Houston
Houston Food Deserts: How To Eat Healthy Despite Limited Food Options
Food deserts are low-income neighborhoods with no access to a supermarket or grocery store. This means that residents of these areas may depend on convenience stores and fast food places for their food instead of healthy options like fresh fruits and vegetables. The health impact can be significant; not only does it contribute to higher rates of diabetes, obesity and heart disease, but also many low-income families in Houston lack the resources to purchase healthy foods even if they wanted them.
In this guide, we will explain the meaning of “food desert”, reference the food deserts in Houston and provide, things that you can do to eat healthy even if you are in a food desert.
Let’s start by defining what a food desert is.
What Is A Food Desert?
A food desert is defined as a low-income neighborhood that lacks access to fresh, healthy foods.
The people in these neighborhoods typically have a harder time finding fresh fruits and vegetables because there are less grocery stores in the area, the dollar stores there do not sell fresh produce, and many in these communities lack the transportation to regularly visit a grocery store.
Where Are The Houston Food Deserts In Town?
Houston food deserts are typically found in low-income neighborhoods.
Examples of Houston food desert areas include the following:
- 3rd Ward
- 5th Ward
- Acres Homes
- East End
- Large areas of SW Houston
You can use this interactive USDA map to see if you are living in a food desert in Houston.
Who Typically Lives In A Food Desert?
It depends on the type of food desert.
Urban food deserts food deserts which are located in major cities are typically low-income neighborhoods where minorities live, there are lower levels of education, but higher levels of unemployment.
On the other hand, rural areas in the U.S. are on average about 80% white according to the Economic Research Service.
People who live in rural food deserts are more likely to have poor health for the same reasons as people living in urban food deserts. Individuals in rural areas may live as far as 10 – 20 miles away from the nearest grocery store. This leads to even higher rates of chronic disease and mortality when compared to those in urban areas.
What Is The Health Impact Of Houston Food Deserts On Residents?
Residents of food deserts often have higher rates of obesity, diabetes, and heart disease than those who live in other parts of town. That’s why it is important for everyone to be aware that many Houston neighborhoods are considered food deserts due to a lack of grocery stores or supermarkets.
4 Ways To Get Fruits And Vegetables If You Live In A Houston Food Desert?
For those living in a Houston food desert, use these 4 options to find fresh fruits and vegetables near you.
1. Find A Community Garden In Houston
A community garden is a great way to get fresh fruits and vegetables that your body needs. One of the best resources for finding Houston community gardens is a local nonprofit called Urban Harvest.
They offer education on eating healthy and hands on experience via their onsite community gardens. Currently they have 6 community gardens in Houston.
If you are interested in starting your own community garden, Urban Harvest can also help with that. Whether you have a backyard or just a small apartment balcony, you can begin planting fresh fruits and vegetables.
To find a Houston community garden visit the Urban Harvest affiliate gardens page for more information.
2. Visit A Houston Farmers Markets
Farmers Markets can also provide you with fruits and vegetables if you are in a food desert. Farmers markets are public spaces where farmers set up stalls to sell their food.
They are often found in low income neighborhoods and by school districts with high rates of poverty because they offer fresh produce for lower prices than larger grocery stores.
You can find farmers markets by visiting websites like:
- Urban Harvest offers farmers markets on Saturdays.
- The Houston Farmers Market is one of the largest of its kind in the city. This market is located at 2520 Airline Drive and open daily.
- City of Houston Health Department has a program called Get Moving Houston, which offers farmers markets at various multi service centers in the community.
- City Hall in downtown Houston also offers farmers markets on occasion.
- Other popular farmers markets in Houston include The Market at the District, Memorial Villages Farmers Market, Rice University Farmers Market, East End Farmers Market, and Braeswood Farmers Market.
3. Contact The Houston Food Bank
The Houston Food Bank offers an interactive map of food pantries, where you can get fruits, vegetables, bread, meat, and more. You can contact their helpline at 832.369.9390 or visit the Houston Food Bank website to learn more about their food assistance plans.
4. Sign Up For Amazon Fresh (Food Delivery Program)
Amazon offers a food delivery service in Houston called Amazon Fresh. If you have ever ordered anything from Amazon the process of buying fruits and vegetables is the exact same.
Many residents who live in food deserts also qualify for government benefits programs like food stamps. If you do have a SNAP benefits, you can use your EBT card to order fruits and vegetables from the Amazon Fresh program.
While most Houston food deserts are eligible for Amazon Fresh deliveries you will have to check Amazon to see if they deliver to your area.
I searched a few Houston food desert zip codes and stated whether or not Amazon delivered to those areas. You can find that information in the table below.
|Neighborhood||Delivery By Zip Code|
|Kashmere||Delivers in 77026|
|3rd Ward||Delivers in 77004
|Near Northside||Delivers in 77009, 77076,|
|East End||Delivers in 77011, 77023, 77003. Does not deliver in 77012.|
|Acres Homes||Delivers in 77088, 77091, 77018|
|5th Ward||Delivers in 77020|
|East Houston||Does not deliver in 77015, 77029|
|SE Houston||Does not deliver in 77051, 77033, 77087, 77060,|
|Aldine||Delivers in 77037. Does not deliver in 77032, 77039.|
What If The Lack Of Grocery Stores Isn’t The Reason For Poor Health In Some Communities?
That’s the question that the Quarterly Journal of Economics asks.
In their report they suggest that nutritional inequality is more the result of choice as opposed to a lack of access.
The study followed 10,000 households and tracked their spending habits as grocery stores opened in the “food desert” neighborhoods that they lived.
According to the study, of those households who began shopping at the newer/closer grocery store, only 10% began buying more healthy food options. Essentially they noticed that most people purchased the same poor quality foods as before, in the new, closer grocery store.
Nutrition Education Classes In Houston
Below you will find a listing of free nutrition education classes in Houston. If there is any truth to the study mentioned in the previous section then education may be an even greater tool in improving the overall health of residents in Houston food deserts.
- The Houston Food bank offers nutrition education classes to help you understand the importance of healthy foods.
- The City of Houston DAWN Program also offers nutrition education to help residents control diabetes. Other lessons taught in this program include healthy cooking classes, a gardening and harvesting class, lessons to help you reduce sodium, and finally a grocery store tour to teach you which aisle are healthy and which are not.
- Houston WIC programs also offer nutrition education to babies and parents.
- If you have a Harris Health Gold Card you can attend Nutrition Classes through Harris Health System. Dietitians teach you have to eat healthy, control chronic conditions, and even offer a 12 week weight management program.
- Many of the Houston FQHC clinics also offer nutrition classes. You will find a complete list of these health centers in our guide titled 15 Low Cost Health Clinics In Houston That Treat The Uninsured.
- Finally, Examine.com is one of the best sources of nonbiased information when it comes to nutrition, chronic conditions, and treatments to improve your health. They read through complicated clinical studies and explain those reports in ways that the average citizen can understand. You should definitely bookmark their site if you want to become more knowledgeable about nutrition and health.
Living in a Houston food desert can greatly impact your health if you are not cognizant of these dangers.
The lack of grocery stores could increase the likelihood of you eating fast food on a regular basis. This in turn can lead to chronic conditions that can severely impact your long-term health and well-being.
If you are living in a food desert local agencies like Houston Food Bank, Urban Harvest, and the farmers markets in town are great places to go if you want fresh fruits and vegetables.
In addition Houston nutrition classes and health websites like Examine can provide you with a solid understanding of nutrition to motivate you to make good eating habits a daily activity.
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- How To Apply For WIC In Houston
Nick Bryant is a Counselor with 11 years of experience working in community health. He enjoys concerts, walks with the doggo and wife, mocking Dallas Cowboy fans, and sharing community resources. Jump on the Houston Case Managers email list to receive weekly community resource guides delivered directly to your inbox.